A stone figure discovered in Yemen that may show Christian influence at the heart of an ancient Arab empire. (Paul Yule)
(NEWSER) – A new discovery in Yemen may prove that a Christian church existed there and exerted influence in Mecca around the time of the prophet Muhammad, the Daily Mail reports. Paul Yule, an archaeologist from Germany, found the stone carving of a Christian figure in the city of Zafar and dated it to about 530AD. He says evidence from other sites in Zafar indicate that it was home to a vast Arab tribal confederation that ruled even Mecca, which is about 581 miles to the north.
The multicultural confederation—home to Arabs, Jews, and Christians—flourished between the 3rd and 5th centuries and managed the influential port of Aden in southern Yemen, says Yule. But tensions over the advance of Christianity led Arab kings to attack a Christian colony in the Saudi Arabian city of Najran—sparking a holy war with Byzantines and Africans that ended with the triumph of Islam in the 7th century, reports Der Spiegel. As for the stone figure, Yule says it probably depicts a descendant of Africans who arrived in 525AD to spread Christianity.
EARTHQUAKES/WORLD WEATHER ACTIVITIES REPORT: YOU HEARD HERE FIRST
El Hierro Volcano activity report – A lot of seismic activity below the El Golfo bay today (latest update : 20 listed earthquakes)
Last update: December 31, 2012 at 5:29 pm by By Armand Vervaeck
2012-12-31 17:28 UTC
– Normally our latest update in 2012 ! – 3 more earthquakes, one reaching the email alert level at M2.5
2012-12-31 16:08 UTC
– 5 more to report and we think a lot more as IGN seems to have a hard time to list the new ones !
– Not sure what the following hours and days will bring, but New Years eve will be special at El Hierro as the strength of the earthquakes may probably increase soon (patters of the last swarms).
– We can now talk of a real swarm.
Important update 2012-12-31 15:30 UTC
– Looks like El Hierro want to give a sign that it is not completely over yet ! An earthquake swarm has started in the Frontera area.
The depth is currently located at 17 to 21 km, in other words no real risk for a quick eruption at this level.
Keep looking together with us and report by means of the comment section if you read or see something special.
Magnitudes are among the higher values that we have seen in recent weeks and even months – M1.5 until M2.2
The activity can well be seen at a seismograph in the El Julan area (see below)
All data courtesy IGN, Spain
Thank you Mary and Roland for alerting us
(Complete) Earthquakes list January 1, 2013
Last update: December 31, 2012 at 4:37 pm by By Ashish Khanal
|ER||I Felt A (not Listed) Strong Earthquake||Jan 01 23:59 PM||4.6||0.1||MAP||I Felt It|
|ER||I Felt A (not Listed) Weak Earthquake||Jan 01 23:58 PM||2.6||0.1||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Seddon||Jan 01 06:31 AM||2.9||5.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Pyrenees||Jan 01 06:16 AM||2.6||2.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Tauranga||Jan 01 06:12 AM||3.2||217.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Pyrenees||Jan 01 06:10 AM||3.5||2.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Northwestern Iran||Jan 01 06:09 AM||3.5||10.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Pyrenees||Jan 01 06:05 AM||2.8||2.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Waipukurau||Jan 01 05:43 AM||2.5||22.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico||Jan 01 05:35 AM||4.5||21.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|USGS||Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico||Jan 01 05:35 AM||4.5||21.1||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Pyrenees||Jan 01 05:26 AM||2.9||2.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Crete, Greece||Jan 01 05:22 AM||3.3||10.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Opunake||Jan 01 04:44 AM||2.5||172.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Opunake||Jan 01 04:42 AM||2.8||5.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan||Jan 01 04:08 AM||4.5||100.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEOFON||Afghanistan-tajikistan Border Region||Jan 01 04:08 AM||4.7||93.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|USGS||Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan||Jan 01 04:08 AM||4.5||113.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Waipukurau||Jan 01 03:46 AM||2.4||18.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan||Jan 01 03:32 AM||4.6||101.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|USGS||Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan||Jan 01 03:32 AM||4.6||100.5||MAP||I Felt It|
|USGS||Oregon||Jan 01 02:30 AM||2.5||1.2||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Tokoroa||Jan 01 02:25 AM||3.0||193.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|EMSC||Sicily, Italy||Jan 01 01:51 AM||2.4||10.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Hunterville||Jan 01 01:34 AM||2.7||5.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|USGS||Virgin Islands Region||Jan 01 01:34 AM||3.2||29.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Opotiki||Jan 01 01:33 AM||2.6||76.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Te Kaha||Jan 01 01:31 AM||3.3||225.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Tolaga Bay||Jan 01 01:03 AM||2.4||38.0||MAP||I Felt It|
|GEONET||Hawera||Jan 01 00:52 AM||2.6||37.0||MAP||I Felt It|
VOLCANIC ACTIVITY: YOU HEARD IT HERE FIRST
Volcano activity of December 31, 2012
Last update: January 1, 2013 at 2:05 am by By Richard Wilson and Armand Vervaeck
December 31, 2012 volcano activity
I am excited to see what the world’s volcanoes have in store for us this coming year! This past year we witnessed (through local volcano-seismic monitoring networks in-place across the western USA, Mexico and Central and South America, as well as New Zealand) notable seismicity that likely accompanied injections of gas and/or magma (with no eruptions following I might add!) beneath Little Sitkin, Iliamna, Four-peaked, Makushin and the Katmai group (AK), Mammoth Mountain and Coso (CA), Apoyaque, Momotombo, Cerro Negro and Concepcion ( all in Nicaragua), San Miguel (El Salvador), Machin, Sotara, and Cumbal (all in Colombia), and Ruapehu (New Zealand) volcanoes. We were able to witness premonitory seismicity with subsequent/accompanying eruptive activity at Popocatepetl (Mexico), Fuego Santa Maria and Pacaya (Guatemala), San Cristobal (Nicaragua), Nevado del Ruiz and Galeras (Colombia), Tungurahua and Reventador (Ecuador) and Tongariro and White Island (New Zealand) volcanoes.
On this last day of 2012 KVERT reports continued strong volcanic tremor accompanies the ongoing eruption atPlosky Tolbachik (Kamchatka Peninsula).
Co-eruptive seismicity continues to subside at San Cristobal (Nicaragua) (station CRIN) today.
Eruptive seismicity is also on the ebb at Tungurahua volcano (Ecuador) (station RETU), while co-eruptive volcanic earthquakes and tremor have increased at Reventador volcano the past 24 hours (station CONE).
No report was issued today on the current eruptive state of Copahue volcano (Chile-Argentina border) from SERNAGEOMIN, but a current photo shows a prominent plume (possible mixed with ash) issuing from the volcano.
Exhalations of mainly gas continue at Popocatepetl volcano (Mexico) at an average rate of over 2 events per hour. The Popo seismogram shows possible low-level volcanic tremor.
Activity (mostly internal) remains low at the Guatemalan volcanoes we watch today (Pacaya-station PCG;Fuego-station FG3; and Santa Maria-station STG6). The larger events visible on the Pacaya and Fuego records are regional earthquakes.
Small earthquakes graded into a short-lived swarm of larger events at Nevado Del Ruiz volcano (Colombia) (station OLLZ) early this morning.
The New Zealand volcanoes, save for continuous relatively strong volcanic tremor at White Island volcano, also seem to be welcoming 2013 with relative calm.
Recent satellite imagery only detected a rather weak SO2-enriched plume from Uluwan volcano (New Guinea) today.
Happy New Year!
The World’s 20 Most Amazing Volcanoes (PHOTOS)
Severe Storm Threat Low into the New Year
Published: Dec 31, 2012, 5:35 AM EST weather.com
T-Storm Threat Next 12 Hours
Severe thunderstorms, like many of us, will take a break for the New Year’s holiday. There will be some non-severe thunderstorms with locally heavy rain near the Gulf Coast of Texas and southwest Louisiana through New Year’s Day.
We have all the maps you need to track severe weather below, including watches and warnings, radar, and our exclusive TOR:CON tornado risk forecasts. We also have links to see what your typical climatological tornado risk is, as well as links to our iWitness photo/video galleries and our Notify! severe alerts service.
– 2013 starts on a wet note as two storm systems bring rain and a few thunderstorms to the region through Thursday.
– Rainfall could exceed an inch from the lower Mississippi Valley through the Southeast.
– Thankfully no severe thunderstorms are expected.
– Northern Texas, Oklahoma and northern Arkansas should be dry all three days.
– It will be a warm New Year’s Day along the Gulf Coast, Florida and southern parts of the Southeast with highs in the 70s.
– Chilly highs in the 30s and 40s occur from the Texas Panhandle to northern North Carolina.
– In between those two areas highs should be in the 50s and 60s.
– A little snow falls from West Virginia into western New York with rain or showers in Virginia, central and eastern Maryland, Delaware and southern New Jersey from the storm across the South.
– Snowfall should generally be an inch or less in western New York and western Pennsylvania.
– In West Virginia 1 to 3 inches of snow is forecast in lower elevations with up to 6 inches in the mountains.
– The remainder of the region should be dry on New Year’s Day.
– Temperatures will be seasonably chilly with highs ranging from the 10s near the Canadian border to the middle 40s in Virginia.
– The majority of the region rings in 2013 on a dry and chilly note.
– Some light snow showers are possible in the upper Ohio Valley and across northern Michigan.
– Any snow accumulations in the upper Ohio Valley should be an inch or less with 1 to 4 inches possible in northern Michigan.
– Some afternoon flurries fly across the northern Plains with no significant accumulations.
– Highs hold in the 10s from the eastern Dakotas and Iowa to northern Michigan.
– Highs across the remainder of the region should be in the 20s to lower 30s.
– Like the Midwest most of the West begins 2013 dry and chilly.
– Some light snow or flurries are possible in the highest peaks of the Rockies and in eastern Montana.
– Any snow accumulation should be confined to the highest Rocky Mountains.
– Low clouds and patchy fog keep New Year’s Day murky in the valleys of the Northwest.
– High temperatures hang in the 10s and 20s throughout the Rocky Mountains and interior Northwest.
– Milder highs in the 40s and 50s occur throughout the remainder of the region.
– Some lower 60s are likely in Southern California.
- Stone Figure: Proof That Christians Influenced Mecca? (newser.com)
- Was there a church in Mecca? Chiselled stonework with ‘Christian figure’ discovered at holy site in Yemen (thisismoney.co.uk)
- Buried Christian Empire Casts New Light on Early Islam (iranaware.com)
- Buried Christian Empire Casts New Light on Early Islam (addisabram.wordpress.com)
- Al Qaeda in Yemen offers bounty for U.S. ambassador (thehimalayantimes.com)